Hearing Loss in Adults and Children

Posted by:gulf onMarch 15, 2017

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

Adults aged 50 onwards are more prone to hearing loss due to age-related damage to the cochlea, the snail-shaped tube (in the inner ear coiled around the modiolus) where sound vibrations are converted into nerve impulses by the organ of Corti, or spiral organ, the receptor organ for hearing.

There are two types of hearing loss:

  • Sensorineural hearing loss – Causes: age and exposure to loud noises and;
  • Conductive hearing loss – typically caused by having too much ear wax or an ear infection

Hearing loss in children may be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (occurring after birth). Children, just like adults, need to protect their hearing from noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), a hearing impairment caused by exposure to loud noise which can be permanent in nature.

Adults can make personal and initial assessments to find out if they have a hearing problem by considering the questions below:

  1. Do you have any difficulty with your hearing?
  2. Do you find it very difficult to follow a conversation if there is a background noise?
  3. Is there a difference in how well you hear someone talking when that person is sitting on your RIGHT or LEFT side in a quiet room?

If your answers are affirmative, chances are you might be suffering from hearing loss.

For children, the earlier the hearing loss is diagnosed, the better the chances are in improving their language, learning and overall development. Since they may have difficulty in grasping the complexities of a hearing loss, watch out for these signs and symptoms and take immediate steps to have them tested:

  • Do not respond when called
  • Complain of ear pain or head noises
  • Respond inappropriately to questions
  • Have problems academically
  • Talk too loudly

Consult a health care professional who can provide you or your child with properly fitted hearing aids and rehabilitation techniques that can aid in many listening situations.

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